Otjiwarongo meaning beautiful place in Otjiherero was first discovered by the Sans and Damaras around the year 1390. They were the first settlers in the area. During that time the Damaras named the city #kanubes.
Around 1900 the first German Namibians settle in Otjiwarongo. Four years later a war was fought between the German and Herero people in which many Herero people lost their lives. Shortly after Otjiwarongo was established as a proper town an an administration point for the Germans.